In terms of population, Turkey is the second largest country in Europe (after Germany ), with 70 million people. In 2020, it is projected to be the most populous European country, with a population of 83 million.
Four million Turks live abroad. Of that number, almost 2.5 million live in Germany .
Geographically, Turkey straddles two continents, Europe in the west and Asia in the east.
The two continents are divided by the Istanbul and Dardanelles straits, which are located in Turkey .
Turkey is unique in being on the one hand Balkan and European, and on the other, Middle Eastern, Caucasian and Asian. It is also as much a Black Sea country as it is an Aegean and Mediterranean one.
Another unique aspect of Turkey is the fact that it is the only democratic, secular country among the Muslim nations of the Middle East .
In addition to being a pioneering country in the Islamic world, Turkey has also become fully integrated into Europe since 1923, when the Republic was established. She is a member of almost all European/European-related institutions, such as the Council of Europe, OSCE, NATO, OECD. Turkey has been an associate member of the European Union since 1963 and a candidate for full membership in the Union since 1999.
Turkey has the second biggest Army in NATO after the United States .
Turkey also entertains relations of strategic cooperation with the United States .
Turkey lies in close proximity to 70 percent of the world's proven energy resources and is a prospective regional centre for storage and distribution of oil and natural gas.
Turkey is among the world's 20 largest economies and she is a member of the Group of 20 countries.
The Turkish economy has been identified as being one of the 10 significant emerging markets by U.S. sources.
Turkey is a prominent producer and exporter of many commodities. Here are some examples:
Turkey is the leading cement producer in Europe and the seventh-ranked producer in the world.
Turkey is the second-ranked producer of glass-made items in Europe and fourth-ranked producer in the world.
Turkey has 40% of the world marble reserves.
Turkey is the second-ranked exporter of jewelry in the world.
Turkey is the world's leading supplier of processed leather.
Turkey is the second-ranked supplier of textiles and garments to the EU.
Turkey is the fifth-ranked carpet exporter in Europe.
Turkey is the sixth-ranked cotton producer in the world.
Turkey is the world's principal supplier of hazelnuts, chickpeas, fresh and dried figs, and apricots.
Turkey is the second-ranked supplier of cherry and watermelon in the world.
Turkey is the second-ranked producer of pine tree honey in the world.
Turkey is the second-ranked supplier of red lentils in the world.
Turkey is the third-ranked producer of tomatoes and second-ranked producer of tomato paste in the world.
Turkey is the third-ranked producer of olives and fourth-ranked producer and exporter of olive oil in the world.