Name: Republic of Turkey
Extension: Approximately 780 thousand sq. kms Approximately 1,600 kms East to West; 650 kms North to South
Population: 67.84 million (October 2000 National Census)
Religion: 99% Muslim, 1% Orthodox Christians, Catholics, Protestans and other. Turkey is a secular state where religious and state affairs are separated.
National Anthem: Istiklal Marsi (“The Independence Hymn”)
National Flag: White crescent moon and a star on a red background.
1299: Establishment of the Ottoman Empire 1922: Fall of the Ottoman Empire
1923: Proclamation of the Republic of Turkey on October 29
( First President: Mustafa Kemal ATATURK)